Hello friends and or new visitors of my small Bavarian travel guide.
For the new ones, my name is Joerg W. Lohfink, easier
to call me George, that's the English version of my prename. You cannot
buy me, but I'm for rent only for driving, dear ladies, I'm
really lucky married.
To rent me means to drive in a full-size Starcraft Chevy van, six passengers
possible and space enough for your luggage too. A lot of times I start
at the Munich airport Franz Josef Strauß as an airport-shuttle
or other towns, people had their accommodations.
But more and more passengers book me for a day trip,
going with some hours sightseeing from the airport to Passau,
where they later start for a marvellous Danube cruise.
These Danube cruises by Peter Deilmann or Wiking or other companies
leave Passau mostly in the late afternoon. So, if your plane arrives
early in the morning we would have minimum a half day time for sightseeing.
And going in direction Passau there are a lot of nice towns to see.
For example Freising just in the near of the airport, Landshut, what
I want show you today, or on a back trip maybe Straubing or Dingolfing.
But today we'll visit the town Landshut, the first Capital of Bavaria
in former times.
Ok, the luggage is on board, let's start. From the airport we turn
in direction Freising, soon we reach the highway to Deggendorf. About
35 km or 20 miles later the exit to Moosburg is coming, we use that
for reaching easily Landshut. Very soon the two landmarks of the town
are visible. Right hand side the castle Trausnitz on the hill, to the
left the tower for St. Martin church in town.
And then, you could see, town managers are joking sometimes to guests.
Following the signs old center we would drive ten minutes
and, whoops, we're on the same place where we start following the signs.
Basing on that first time experience I will now go to the right after
passing the bridge over the river Isar. And you get a marvellous view
over the river.
Now directly in the old part of Landshut. Old means about 1000 years
old. The first document named the town or better, that location Landshuet
around 1150 after Jesus. The name Landshuet would be translated
in English as area watch place. In the old times the catholic
church was owner of that whole area and they install a kind of early
police station there. Because there was the only street and bridge
in the that area and in the old times robbery was a kind of profession.
I think, in our days too, regarding the financial goverment :-)
But back to history: The Bishop of Regensburg
got lots of taxes by the salt-traders using the street and bridge.
And he never wanted to share this income with other people so he got
in trouble with the Duke of Kelheim.
This duke sent some men in 1204 to burn the Bishop's bridge and let
them build an own one just on that place we've passed some minutes
In 1231 Duke Ludwig of Kelheim was murdered just on his own bridge
with a knife and nobody knew or had see something. Maybe the Bishop
would know something, but in former times it was not so good to ask
such interesting questions high situatet men - they react often headless,
äh, the questioner lose his head mostly.
The son of the dead Duke. Otto II., moved then the Duke's residenz
to Landshut and let extend the castle Trausnitz. So the
town Landshut grew up and became the first Capital of Bavaria.
But 20 years later the town was no longer Capital of whole Bavaria.
Otto II., he died and as his tomb was just closed a big fight between
his two sons started. After some time they decided to share Bavaria.
Ludwig, the Severe take a big part including Upper Bavaria
with the town Munich and Heinrich I. Lower Bavaria including Landshut.
The regency of Heinrich was good for the town, Landshut grow up and
had much economic success. The town even got an own court and a town
council that was very rare in old times.
Here we are right into the street of roses, do you want know how the
name was given? Maybe you've heard in history lessons that around 1500
in Europe the awful disease named Plague was killing millions
of people. In Landshut this disease was so quick and successful
that they had very soon no gravediggers or other helpmen. So the dead
people must be leaved in their houses. Very soon an awful smell was
so strong that the only way to help against was the solution to close
the street and another one too with brick walls on each end. Long years
later the town people opened the walls again and they found nearly
a miracle. One street was totally covered by gras and the other street
hat lots of roses everywhere. So the both streets got as a memory to
the dead citizens the names Grasgasse and Rosengasse.
Ok, walking through that street we reach the new town -
it's also old, but was the second extending in former times.
A few steps to the right there you see the memory for all killed soldiers
in the World Wars and left side the big block is the old monastery
of the Jesuit monks.
Now a jewel of architecture, the church of St. Martin, a building in
late gothic - style and totally by bricks. The tower has
a height of 131 meter and was in the year 1480 the highest brick-built
tower of the world. I believe, he's still today the highest one of
bricks. And now a small taste of the inside.
Let's have a short look again back in history. Around 1408 the young
Duke Heinrich IV made the castle Trausnitz bigger and bigger and ruled
more and more into town's own decisions. The proud citizens went to
King Rupprecht and complained about the Duke. About this the Duke got
so mad that he first throw some of the complaining people in jail and
then out of town. Now other citizens planned a real revolution but
they had a treator in her group. The Duke caught them all, cutted some
heads was a hobby in former times and confiscate all
possessions of these poor guys. By that he made the basement for his
richness, his nickname was later Henry, the Rich.
This Duke, his son and his grandson were later so rich, I think in
the Middle Ages you can see him as a kind of Bill Gates, regarding
the money. The prove for that was in the year of the Landshuter
Hochzeit (Marriage of Landshut). This big event is in our times
all three years to see again, the biggest event in Lover Bavaria. The
town Landshut and her citizens play that in memory three days long
in origin costumes.
one old gate
What's the main on that old event? Imagine the Middle Ages: a big man
in these former times had a horse and hundreds of body guards
by feet. In the year 1475 was the marriage between Duke Georg and Jadwiga,
princess of Poland. And the high society of nearly total Europe was
invited. Old documents tell us, that about 9.000 horses must be feeded,
so estimated 40 50.000 guests visited Landshut. They stayed
two weeks and ate 340 oxes, 180 000 pounds of beef, 2100 pounds sheep,
1400 calfs, 162 dears, 62 000 chicken, 5060 goots, 212 000 eggs. And
one week all food war totally free, no money must be given to butchers,
bakers or restaurant owners. The bills were all paid later by the Duke.
But please, even if you see on the website of the town Landshut the
next date of that great event, don't believe you have not to pay like
in the old times. You know your goverment at home and you can be 100
% sure, we have the same robbers now here. That's for we
call them not more the good Duke or King, but........
Wow, looking at the watch I see, we've spent a lot of time by walking
and talking. Now we start to reach in time your Danube cruise in Passau.
I hope the short visit was fun for you and if you like to see it in
nature, please give me call or send me a mail.
Till we meet again, either here in the travelguide or personally, hearty
Script by J.W.Lohfink
- pictures too - for any mistakes in spell or grammar I apologize as
a precaution, corrections, questions or comments please mail to me.
>> German version
©® J.W. Lohfink