Welcome in Bavaria,
dear friends and visitors of a travel guide written
by me, maybe your (and hopely your) airport-shuttle Mietwagen Lohfink.
My name is George and I like to drive around with nice people.
Because the Austrian border is not far there is a nice opportunity
to make a day trip in our lovely neighbor country. Music fans like
often to see the place of Mozarts birth and life, so Salzburg is a
good destination to visit.
Today I propose you a wonderful travel, we can start either directly
from the Munich airport Franz Josef Strauss or from your
hotel in Munich or around. If you have the whole day time then I go
first with you to Hallstatt, that's about 20 miles in the mountains
In Hallstatt there we have the first stop. This old (about 3000 years)
small village has a hidden jewel you must see. Because they had (and
have still yet) to less space for the grave yard, they copied a manner
well known from southern countries beyond the Alps. They digged their
dead relatives, 10 years later they pulled them out again, cleaned
the bones, paint the heads and put all in a bone-house. So all childred
and grand-children and more relatives can visit the whole family over
Through that old town we walk to a second highlight in this location,
a big saltmine, an unforgettable memory for each visitor. First you
have to take a train (a kind of cable-car) and with that
you drive to heaven - look the picture.
If you're up then you will go in the saltmine deep dawn. Be careful
not to lose your guide otherwise somebody will find you maybe in decades
or centuries first again. I guess, you don't want make competitioner
to the man-in-the-salt, a poor guy, about 500 years old, but good conserved
by the salt you'll see him there.
Now, after a short view on this marvellous area, we leave to Salzburg,
2000 years ago named Juvarum. This name was given by the
old Romans, using that town as a district center. But then, the Bavarians
came and the boys from the South escaped very quickly. I know the Bavarians
from our days, oh Lord, what kind of nice guys must they
be in the old times? I hope, you know, I'm only kidding.
Here we are, you see, there is a big castle over the town. And every
thing here was basing on salt trade in former times, so the names are
coming too by that. The German word for castle is Burg
- salt is Salz - so the it was the saltcastle.
And the river has the name Salzach.
But while I'm looking for a parking space by the way, that is
a tremendous problem in Salzburg some short word to my title
line and a big view back in history:
I had said, the Bavarian were coming and the Romans escaping. In reality
the Romans pull the troops slowly back in the times after Jesus because
they cannot afford more the supply and the whole imperium was weak.
And the Bavarian you should know, their origin is in former
Bohemia moved in the empty and open locations. So Salzburg became
a Bavarian town. Remember, we are talking about the times after Jesus
was born and in these times and later the religion and their were much
stronger than in our times now. Let's say, the believing was much more
and expressed by donations to the church. So especially in Bavaria,
the Earl Theodo was very religious. As then Bishop Rupert came
he had while living the honest title the holy because he
behave like a Saint, old papers told - Earl Theodo gave him Salzburg
and the area around as a gift. The area is still today called Ruperti-Winkel
- Winkel means corner in English.
Hey, there is a miracle too, I found a parking space.
No, gentlemen, that's not Dirk Novitzki from the Dallas team, that's
Kopernikus, an ancient scientist. Here is a good start for the walking
trip through town. Playing a litte bit caveman and in a moment we reach
the wonderful park of Mirabell Palace. Here some views in that location.
Palace and park are Baroque and the famous artist named Fischer
von Erlach had given that style. Going through the gate with
view on the Salzburg castle we are on the Markartplatz, where the Dreifaltigkeitskirche
is also located.
Here you can visit the Mozart-Haus, they have guides, some
movies and while you'll do that, I take a coffee outside and make some
shots in that huge church.
After the Mozarthaus we go to the old part of Salzburg, there is a
nice pedestrian bridge with marvellous sights.
Following the crowd we reach the so called Getreidegasse
- in English corn-street basing on the old corn- and wheat-traders
Every where small shops and restaurants pulling people like magnets.
How far away is Japan from Austria? Could not be far, so much Japanese
visitors ! But now we will discover the old town, what is looking so
small, as we used the pedestrian bridge. One good example is the Bürgerspitalkirche
(church for the citizens in the old town's hospital in former times).
She looks so small and glewed to the mountain, but looking inside she
is much bigger than looking, only a little bit dark. Left picture a
view to the altar, right picture a marvellous icon.
Now in direction Festspielhaus, music lovers know that
What I show you here is the old Bar for horses. In older
times the high society came with coaches to the music events and then
the horses could here have a drink while they're waiting
for the backdrive.The italian style is a good contrast to the big old
gate and tunnel at the left side, called Neutor, through
Passing the university we reach a big market in front of the university
church. Lots of goods, sweeties, herbs, flowers and cookies are here.
I'm not allowed to taste some, my wife always says you're strong
enough, so I take a view in the university church.
The architecture is georgious but in comparation to Bavarian Baroque
churches the inside is very empty looking. Maybe the Bishops ran out
of money after building this huge block. Or the females, which they
had in former times, waste to much for their own beauty? The legends
told, one Bishop of Salzburg had 13 females or were that children??
Yeah, the old church bosses liked big houses, females,
nice cloth and money !!! The salt trade brought lot of gold bags by
taxes. And they were so greedy, that they even sent soldiers againts
competitioners like the saltmakers in Berchtesgaden.
The German Emperor Friedrich Barbarossa was in 1167 so mad about that
and came with a big and good army to fight down the Bishop of Salzburg.
He was very successful, caught that guy, but, what a pity, the whole
town was burned down in that battle. But the citizens of Salzburg were
not lazy, they started to rebuild their town and that's just this,
what we have seen a part of.
Ok friends, now your driver (and walker) become tired I'll take
my horse for going home.
No, no, not with this one, those are only flying in tales or Disney
movies and it is forbidden to touch Bavarian sky with other things
than airplanes or gliders.
I hope, you've now the wish to see that marvellous nice old Bavarian
town given away as a gift and now the entrance to our wonderful neighbourhood
Austria. If yes, give me a mail or call, then we can see when to go
with best regards, our George
Script by J.W.Lohfink
- pictures too - for any mistakes in spell or grammar I apologize as
a precaution, corrections, questions or comments please mail to me.
>> German version
©® J.W. Lohfink